The Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale (MATH, also known as MSES) is intended to measure beliefs regarding ability to perform various math-related tasks and behaviors. The MATH inventory is based on three areas of math-related self-efficacy expectations:
1. The solving of math problems, that is, problems similar to those found on standardized tests of mathematical aptitude and achievement (i.e. Dowling's Mathematics Confidence Scale).
2. Mathematics behaviors used in everyday life, for example, balancing a checkbook, as represented by the Math Anxiety Rating Scale (MARS; Richardson & Suinn, 1972).
3. Capability of satisfactory performance in college courses requiring various degrees of mathematics knowledge and mastery. This aspect of behavior has not previously been used in the study of attitudes toward math but was considered particularly appropriate for examination in a population of college students.
Thus, self-efficacy expectations with regard to mathematics were operationally defined to include perceptions of performance capability in relationship to math problems, everyday math tasks, and mathematics-related college coursework.
Copyright © 1993 by Nancy E. Betz & Gail Hackett