Consequences (Guilford's Consequences)

 

Authors: J.P. Guilford & J.S. Guilford

Consequences was developed by the Aptitudes Research Project at the University of Southern California as part of a systematic exploration of the "structure of intellect" Two scores are derived from Consequences. The first consists of the total number of "obvious" responses to questions beginning "What would be the result if . . . ?" The second consists of the sum of "remote" responses or remotely associated ideas which are likely to require revisions of other ideas.

The score for obvious responses has consistently and substantially correlated with a factor defined as "ideational fluency". However, the score for remote responses has proved to be a measure of "originality" regarding remote associates or revisions or transformations.

Both ideational fluency and originality are important contributors to creative thinking. All divergent production abilities are concerned with an individual’s efficiency to retrieve items of information from his memory store. The more creative person comes up with an unusually large quantity of ideas, where the less creative can think of only one or two. Abilities concerned with transformations give flexibility to thinking, another creative quality. The uncreative person is stuck with one interpretation of something, where the creative person produces several interpretations, thus showing novelty and originality.

In the Consequences test, each of the separately timed items is framed as a question beginning "What would be the result if . . .?" The contents of the items are chosen so as to bring the problems within the common knowledge of most individuals. The open-ended type of item is used, which requires subjective judgment on the part of the scorer to decide whether a response is relevant and whether it is an obvious or a remote consequence.

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  • $50.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the Consequences form. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer Consequences as an online survey via a non-Mind Garden survey system. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of Consequences, scoring key, and permission to administer Consequences for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer Consequences via a paper and pencil survey. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of Consequences, scoring key, and permission to reproduce/administer Consequences for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
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  • $60.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the Consequences form. This is a paper product. The manual will be printed, bound, and shipped to you (FedEx shipping costs apply).
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Features of Consequences

Purpose: Measures ideational fluency, originality and divergent production in an investigation of creative thinking.

Length: 5 items

Average completion time: 10 minutes

Target Population: 6th grade and higher

Norms in manual: Air Force Cadets, Marine Officers, Grades 6, 9-12, High School Graduates, Gender, Engineeering students.

Uses of Consequences

  • Creativity evaluation

Scales

Obvious: the total number of "obvious" responses to questions beginning "What would be the result if . . . ?"

Remote: sum of "remote" responses or remotely associated ideas which are likely to require revisions of other ideas.

Please read the Consequences Manual for details on scales and scoring.

This is a test of your ability to think of a large number of ideas in connection with a new and unusual situation.

What would be the results if people no longer needed or wanted sleep?

a. ____________________ (example: get more work done.)
b. ____________________ (example: alarm clocks not necessary.)
c. ____________________ (example: no need for lullaby song books)
d. ____________________ (example: sleeping pills no longer used.)