The Group Environment Scale (GES, third edition) assesses the social climate of groups and teams. It has been used in clinical and organizational settings to facilitate group counseling and team building, and to compare members’ and leaders’ views of their group or team. The GES is also useful for encouraging members and leaders to become involved in planning and changing the group or team, and in showing both members and leaders how their behavior influences team climate.
The GES includes three forms. Form R (Real) asks the members and leaders to describe their current group social environment as they perceive it. Form I (Ideal) asks members and leaders to describe the type of group environment they prefer. Form E (Expectations) asks members and leaders to describe their expectations of what a group will be like. All three forms (R, I, E) are included. Administration of a single form (R, I, or E) is counted as an administration, while administration of all three forms one time is counted as three administrations.
Copyright © 1994, 2002 by Rudolf H. Moos
Features of the GES
Purpose: Assess the social climate of groups and teams.
Length: 90 items
Average completion time: 15-20 minutes
Target population: Adults working in groups or teams
Administration: For group administration.
Uses of the GES
The ninety items of the GES are grouped into ten subscales with three dimensions.
Three subscales tap the degree of commitment, concern and friendship group members show for one another, the amount of help, concern and friendship the leaders shows for team members, and the amount that freedom of action and expression of feelings is encouraged in the group.
Personal Growth Dimension
Independence: assesses how much the group encourages independent action and expression among members.
Task Orientation: reflects how much emphasis is placed on completing concrete, practical tasks and on decision making and training.
Self-Discovery: measures how much the group encourages members’ discussion of personal problems.
Anger and Aggression: assesses the extent that there is open expression of anger and disagreement in the group.
System Maintenance and Change Dimension
Three dimensions measure the degree of importance of clear organization, structure and rules in the group, as well as the extent to which the leader directs the group, makes decisions and enforces rules, and finally, how much the group promotes diversity and change in its own functions and activities.
Order and Organization
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