School Situation Survey


Authors: Barbara J. Helms & Robert K. Gable

There may be many reasons why students feel stress at school. The School Situation Survey (SSS) helps identify the causes of stress as well as the ways in which it is demonstrated. It is a valuable instrument for those investigating stress-related problems experienced by our children.

The scales are under two categories: Sources of Stress (Teacher Interactions, Academic Stress, Peer Interactions, Academic Self-Concept) and Manifestations of Stress (Emotional, Behavioral, Physiological). Interpretation of scores is clear. High scores reflect a high degree of stress. The Manual (Sampler Set) includes extensive normative information reported by total group, grade-level, cluster and gender. The instrument has been administered to more than 7,000 students representing rural, suburban and urban schools. Generous information to aid in interpretation is included along with reliability and validity studies.

Copyright © 1989 by Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc.

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  • $50.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the SSS form. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer the SSS as an online survey via a non-Mind Garden survey system or as a paper and pencil survey. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of the SSS, scoring key, and permission to administer the SSS up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
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  • $60.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the SSS form. This is a paper product. The manual will be printed, bound, and shipped to you (FedEx shipping costs apply).
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Features of the SSS

Purpose: Assess students' perceptions of school-related sources and manifestations of stress.

Length: 34 items

Average completion time: 10-15 minutes

Target population: K-12 grade

Administration: For individual or group administration

Uses of the SSS

  • School stress research
  • Individual counseling
  • Program evaluation


Sources of Stress

Teacher Interactions

Academic Stress

Peer Interactions

Academic Self-Concept

Manifestations of Stress




Sample Items

The instruments offers a number of statements that students can use to describe themselves. Students are asked to read each statement and decide how often it seems to describe them. Students are reminded that there are no right or wrong answers, but to choose the response that best describes them. The following choices are given:



1. I enjoy doing things with my classmates.12345
2. I feel that some of my teachers don't like me very well.12345
3. I get into fights.12345
4. I feel upset.12345
5. I worry about not doing well in school.12345
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