The Family Environment Scale (FES) gives counselors and researchers a way of examining each family member’s perceptions of the family in three ways—as it is (real), as it would be in a perfect situation (ideal) and as it will probably be in new situations (expected).
The FES is made up of ten subscales measuring three underlying dimensions of the family environment:
The FES has been widely used in clinical settings, to facilitate family counseling and psychotherapy, to teach clinicians and program evaluators about family systems, and in program evaluation. It can be used for individual and family counseling, or for research and program evaluation.
A choice of three forms to allow you to measure the family environment in three ways: Real (Form R), Ideal (Form I) and Expected (Form E).
Copyright © 1974, 2002 by Rudolf H. Moos
Features of the FES
Purpose: Evaluates the social environment of the family unit
Length: 90 items
Average completion time: 15-20 minutes
Target population: Ages 11 and older; Reading level 6th grade and up
Administration: For individual or group administration
Uses of the FES
The ninety items of the FES are grouped into ten subscales with three dimensions. Note that entire subscales may be removed to shorten the instrument without affecting validity or reliability.
Family Relationship Index:
Three subscales tap the degree of commitment and support family members provide for one another, the extent to family members are encouraged to express their feelings directly, and the amount of openly expressed anger and conflict among family members.
Independence: assesses the extent to which family members are assertive, self-sufficient and make their own decisions
Achievement Orientation: reflects how much activities (such as school and work) are cast into an achievement-oriented or competitive framework,/p>
Intellectual-Cultural Orientation: measures the level of intereset in political, intellectual, and cultural activities
Active-Recreational Orientation: measures the amount of participation in social and recreational activities
Moral-Religious Emphasis: assesses the emphasis on ethical and religious issues and values
Two dimensions measure the degree of importance of clear organization and structure in planning family activities and responsibilities, as well as how much set rules and procedures are used to run family life.
More about the FES.
The Family Environment Scale (FES) has been widely used in clinical settings, to facilitate family counseling and psychotherapy, to teach clinicians and program evaluators about family systems, and in program evaluation. It can be used to diagnose problems, monitor program changes over time, promote change and program improvement, appraise and improve parenting, strengthen the family unit and the individuals within it, describe, contrast and evaluate the impact of various types of treatment programs, and identify risks.
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