Family Environment Scale


Authors: Bernice S. Moos & Rudolf H. Moos

The Family Environment Scale (FES) gives counselors and researchers a way of examining each family member’s perceptions of the family in three ways—as it is (real), as it would be in a perfect situation (ideal) and as it will probably be in new situations (expected).

The FES is made up of ten subscales measuring three underlying dimensions of the family environment:

  • Family Relationship
  • Personal Growth
  • System Maintenance and Change

The FES has been widely used in clinical settings, to facilitate family counseling and psychotherapy, to teach clinicians and program evaluators about family systems, and in program evaluation. It can be used for individual and family counseling, or for research and program evaluation.

A choice of three forms to allow you to measure the family environment in three ways: Real (Form R), Ideal (Form I) and Expected (Form E).

Copyright © 1974, 2002 by Rudolf H. Moos

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Showing 1 - 13 of 13 items

Features of the FES

Purpose: Evaluates the social environment of the family unit

Length: 90 items

Average completion time: 15-20 minutes

Target population: Ages 11 and older; Reading level 6th grade and up

Administration: For individual or group administration

Uses of the FES

  • Provides many family counseling applications
  • Examining the contrast between parent and child perceptions
  • Formulating clinical case descriptions
  • Identifying important issues in family treatment
  • Teaching clinicians about the dynamics of family systems
  • Assessing family strengths and problems

The ninety items of the FES are grouped into ten subscales with three dimensions. Note that entire subscales may be removed to shorten the instrument without affecting validity or reliability.

Family Relationship Index:
Three subscales tap the degree of commitment and support family members provide for one another, the extent to family members are encouraged to express their feelings directly, and the amount of openly expressed anger and conflict among family members.




Personal Growth:

Independence: assesses the extent to which family members are assertive, self-sufficient and make their own decisions

Achievement Orientation: reflects how much activities (such as school and work) are cast into an achievement-oriented or competitive framework,/p>

Intellectual-Cultural Orientation: measures the level of intereset in political, intellectual, and cultural activities

Active-Recreational Orientation: measures the amount of participation in social and recreational activities

Moral-Religious Emphasis: assesses the emphasis on ethical and religious issues and values

System Maintenance:
Two dimensions measure the degree of importance of clear organization and structure in planning family activities and responsibilities, as well as how much set rules and procedures are used to run family life.



More about the FES.
The Family Environment Scale (FES) has been widely used in clinical settings, to facilitate family counseling and psychotherapy, to teach clinicians and program evaluators about family systems, and in program evaluation. It can be used to diagnose problems, monitor program changes over time, promote change and program improvement, appraise and improve parenting, strengthen the family unit and the individuals within it, describe, contrast and evaluate the impact of various types of treatment programs, and identify risks.

If you are unable to find the translation you need, you can request permission to make a translation.

Available with FES License to Reproduce and Remote Online Survey License:
These translations are available free of charge with your purchase of the license. Each PDF file contains the English forms and the translated forms on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list on the product page. Need multiple translations? Contact us.

  • Arabic
  • Chinese (Traditional)
  • Danish
  • Dutch
  • Farsi - Form R only
  • Finnish
  • French
  • Greek
  • Hebrew
  • Hindi
  • Italian
  • Japanese
  • Korean
  • Malay - Form R only
  • Norwegian - Form R only
  • Polish
  • Portuguese
  • Slovenian - Form R only
  • Spanish - Form R only
  • Swedish
  • Thai

Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

No translations are available with FES Transform™ Survey Hosting.

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Ward Atmosphere Scale
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Work Environment Scale
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