Assesses the social climate of all types of families
Bernice S. Moos & Rudolf H. Moos
The Family Environment Scale (FES) gives counselors and researchers a
way of examining each family member’s perceptions of the family in
three ways—as it is (real), as it would be in a perfect situation
(ideal) and as it will probably be in new situations (expected).
The FES has been widely used in clinical settings, to facilitate family counseling and psychotherapy, to teach clinicians and program evaluators about family systems, and in program evaluation. It can be used for individual and family counseling, or for research and program evaluation.
- Evaluates the social environment of the family unit
- Provides many family counseling applications
- A choice of three forms to allow you to measure the family environment in three ways: Real (Form R), Ideal (Form I) and Expected (Form E). (All three forms are included) NOTE: Administration of a single form (R, I, or E) is counted as an administration, while administration of all three forms one time is counted as three administrations.
- Ten subscales measuring three underlying dimensions of the family environment: Family Relationship, Personal Growth, System Maintenance and Change
- Efficient to administer; requires approximately fifteen to twenty minutes to complete
- Reading Level: sixth grade and up
- Ages eleven through adult
The FES is an invaluable tool for:
- Examining the contrast between parent and child perceptions
- Formulating clinical case descriptions
- Identifying important issues in family treatment
- Teaching clinicians about the dynamics of family systems
- Assessing family strengths and problems
- Family Relationship Index: Cohesion, Expressiveness, Conflict,
- Personal Growth: Independence, Achievement Orientation, Intellectual-Cultural Orientation, Active-Recreational Orientation, Moral-Religious Emphasis
- System Maintenance: Organization, Control
The Fourth Edition Manual (Copyright, 2009) includes new normative data, new information about the clinical, consulting, and program evaluation uses of the FES, and an updated and expanded review of research. See below on this page under Applications and Evidence for more information about contents of the manual.
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In general, Group Reports save time by doing the group calculations and providing limited interpretation. The purchase of a Group Report must be accompanied by a purchase of Licenses (Online Surveys) since there must be data available for the Group Report to run. You will need one Group Report per campaign (campaign = Online Survey grouping).
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Bibliography - 1st, 2nd, and 3rd edition
A compilation of more than 1,250 references from the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd editions of the annotated bibliographies of the Family Environment Scale that cover research on the FES from 1974 through 2000.
Digital download (PDF)
The Family Environment Scale (FES) has been widely used in clinical settings, to facilitate family counseling and psychotherapy, to teach clinicians and program evaluators about family systems, and in program evaluation.
- diagnose problems
- monitor program changes over time
- promote change and program improvement
- appraise and improve parenting
- strengthen the family unit and the individuals within it
- describe, contrast and evaluate the impact of various types of treatment programs
- identify risks
- individual and family counseling
- research and program evaluation
The ninety items of the FES are grouped into ten subscales with three dimensions. Note that entire subscales may be removed to shorten the instrument without affecting validity or reliability.
The 1st Dimension: Relationship
Three subscales tap the degree of commitment and support family members provide for one another, the extent to family members are encouraged to express their feelings directly, and the amount of openly expressed anger and conflict among family members. Together, these three subscales comprise what is commonly referred to as the Family Relationship Index.
The 2nd Dimension: Personal Growth
- Independence assesses the extent to which family members are assertive, self-sufficient and make their own decisions
- Achievement Orientation reflects how much activities (such as school and work) are cast into an achievement-oriented or competitive framework
- Intellectual-Cultural Orientation measures the level of intereset in political, intellectual, and cultural activities
- Active-Recreational Orientation measures the amount of participation in social and recreational activities
- Moral-Religious Emphasis assesses the emphasis on ethical and religious issues and values
The 3rd Dimension: System Maintenance
Two dimensions measure the degree of importance of clear organization and structure in planning family activities and responsibilities, as well as how much set rules and procedures are used to run family life
Applications and Evidence:
The manual contains comprehensive information regarding the development and use of the FES scales in sections such as the following:
- Interpreting Family Profiles
- A Typology of Family environments
- Promoting Family Growth
- Development, Normative Samples, and Psychometric Characteristics
- Research Applications and Validity
The Manual Appendices also contain raw-to-standard score conversion tables, as well as normative information (means and standard deviations) for various groups of families.
Examples of FES items in its three forms:
The instrument features three types of forms (Form R, E, or I) , with ninety items to measure ten subscales.
Real Form (Form R): the items are worded asking the respondent to describe their family as they currently perceive it.
|A. Family members really help and support one another||T||F|
|B. Family members often keep their feelings to themselves||T||F|
The Ideal Form(Form I) and Expectations Form (Form E): allow people to describe the type of family they prefer (Form I) or their expectations of what a family will be like (Form E).
|A. Family members will really help and support one another||T||F|
|B. Family members will often keep their feelings to themselves||T||F|