Group Environment Scale

Assesses the social climate of groups and teams

Rudolf H. Moos

flower icon for GES pink arrow bullet pointManual pink arrow bullet pointLicense to Use
pink arrow bullet pointGroup Report
pink arrow bullet pointTranslations

The Group Environment Scale (GES, third edition) has been used in clinical and organizational settings to facilitate group counseling and team building, and to compare members’ and leaders’ views of their group or team. The GES is also useful for encouraging members and leaders to become involved in planning and changing the group or team, and in showing both members and leaders how their behavior influences team climate. All three forms (R, I, E) are included. NOTE: Administration of a single form (R, I, or E) is counted as an administration, while administration of all three forms one time is counted as three administrations.

- You need a Manual if...

Paper by
Digital download (PDF)

Includes non-reproducible instrument and scoring key, both marked “non-reproducible copy”

envelope icon   $50.00 PDF icon

Tutorial License to Use - purchasing options
- You need a License to Reproduce/Administer if...
- You need Mind Garden's Online Survey if...
- Translations

The GES Online Survey is available in only one form: Form R.

  License to Reproduce/Administer Mind Garden's
Online Survey

Number of

Paper by
Digital download (PDF)
MindGarden's Transform system
for data collection and scoring
50 $100.00 $120.00
100 $110.00 $132.00
150 $135.00 $162.00
200 $160.00 $192.00
250 $200.00 $240.00
300 $228.00 $274.00
350 $252.00 $302.00
400 $288.00 $346.00
450 $324.00 $389.00
500 $360.00 $432.00

For pricing for larger quantities, please click here

Group Report

In general, a Group Report saves time by doing the group calculations and providing limited interpretation. The purchase of a Group Report must be accompanied by a purchase of Licenses (Online Surveys) since there must be data available for the Group Report to run. You will need one Group Report per campaign (campaign = Online Survey grouping).

  web admin icon $250.00

If you need to order more than one Group Report, please contact us

Return to top

About the Group Environment Scale (GES)




The ninety items of the GES are grouped into ten subscales with three dimensions.


Three subscales tap the degree of commitment, concern and friendship group members show for one another, the amount of help, concern and friendship the leaders shows for team members, and the amount that freedom of action and expression of feelings is encouraged in the group.

Personal Growth
System Maintenance and Change

Three dimensions measure the degree of importance of clear organization, structure and rules in the group, as well as the extent to which the leader directs the group, makes decisions and enforces rules, and finally, how much the group promotes diversity and change in its own functions and activities


Applications and Evidence

The GES Manual, Third Edition contains comprehensive information regarding the development and use of the GES scales in sections such as

The Manual Appendices also contain raw-to-standard score conversion tables for both Group Means and Individuals.

Inventory Item Samples

Three types of forms include ninety items to measure subscales.

Real Form: The items are worded asking the members and leaders to describe their current group social environment as they perceive it

A. When members disagree with each other, they usually say so T F
B. Members are expected to take leadership in the group T F

Ideal and Expectations Forms: Allow members and leaders to describe the type of group environment they prefer or their expectations of what a group will be like

A. When members disagree with each other, they will usually say so T F
B. Members will be expected to take leadership in the group T F

Return to top