Classroom Environment Scale

 

Authors: Rudolf H. Moos & Edison Trickett

The Classroom Environment Scale (CES) helps create a positive school climate in which more students succeed. The instrument evaluates the effects of course content, teaching methods, teacher personality, class composition and characteristics of the overall classroom environment.

The 2002 Third Edition Manual is extensive, and has been used in educational settings by consultants, teachers and administrators to describe learning environments, contrast teachers’ and students’ views of the classroom, and to compare actual and preferred learning environments. The scale can be used to facilitate counseling, academic planning and program evaluation. The CES can also be used both in the aggregate to evaluate the classroom itself, as well as with individuals to reveal how a student views the classroom and his or her place in it.

The CES has three forms. Form R (Real) measures student and teacher perceptions of the current classroom environment; Form I (Ideal) asks students and teachers to describe the type of classroom they prefer; Form E (Expected) asks students and teachers to describe their expectations for what the classroom will be like. All three forms (R, I, E) are included. Administration of a single form (R, I, or E) is counted as an administration, while administration of all three forms one time is counted as three administrations.

Copyright © 1974, 1995, 2002 by Edison J. Trickett & Rudolf H. Moos

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  • $50.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the CES form. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $200.00
    Builds a report that calculates and summarizes average CES Real Form scores for a group of participants.
  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 20. Allows you to administer the CES Real Form as an online survey using Mind Garden's Transform™ System. Includes data collection: data file with participants' raw data and raw scale scores. Optionally, Group Reports can be generated from the collected data - requires the purchase of report licenses. Customization services are available.
  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 20. Allows you to administer the CES Ideal Form as an online survey using Mind Garden's Transform™ System. Includes data collection: data file with participants' raw data and raw scale scores. Customization services are available.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer the CES as an online survey via a non-Mind Garden survey system. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of the CES (all forms), scoring keys, and permission to administer the CES for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer the CES via a paper and pencil survey. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of the CES (all forms), scoring keys, and permission to reproduce/administer the CES for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
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    Read more about Social Climate Scales: A User's Guide
    This Guide to the Social Climate Scales introduces the ten Scales and gives an overview of their use.
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  • $60.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the CES form. This is a paper product. The manual will be printed, bound, and shipped to you (FedEx shipping costs apply).
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Features of the CES

Purpose: Evaluate the effects of course content, teaching methods, teacher personality, class composition, and characteristics of the overall classroom environment.

Length: 90 items

Average completion time: 15 minutes

Target population: Middle school classrooms or higher grade level classrooms

Administration: For group administration

Uses of the CES

  • Diagnose problems
  • Monitor and promote change and program improvement
  • Appraise and improve leadership
  • Evaluate the impact of intervention programs for individuals and classrooms
  • Research and program evaluation.

Scales
The 90 items of the CES are grouped into nine subscales with three dimensions.

Relationship Dimension
Three subscales tap the degree of student attentiveness, interest and participation in class activities, as well as the concern and friendship students feel for one another, and the amount of help, trust and friendship the teacher shows for students.

Involvement

Affiliation

Teacher Support

Personal Growth/Goal Orientation
Two subscales measure the emphasis on completing planned activities and staying on the subject matter as well as how much the students compete with one another for grades and recognition and how hard it is to achieve good grades.

Task Orientation

Competition

System Maintenance and Change

Order and Organization: assesses the emphasis on students behaving in an orderly and polite manner and on the organization of assignments and activities.

Rule Clarity: reflects how much emphasis is placed on establishing clear rules, consequences of misbehaving, and the extent to which the teacher is consistent in dealing with rule-breakers.

Teacher Control: measures how strict the teacher is in enforcing rules, the severity of punishment, and how much students get into trouble in the class.

Innovation: assesses how much students contribute to planning classroom activities, and the extent that the teacher uses new techniques and encourages creative thinking.

From the Manual

"Although many applications of the CES focus on aggregate scores and on the classroom itself, the CES can also help educational consultants and others whose primary interest is the individual, not the classroom as such.

"An individual profile reveals how a student views the classroom and his or her place in it. Unlike most assessment procedures, which may describe characteristics such as intelligence, personality, or interests, an individual CES profile reveals a person’s perceptions. Thus, as a source of unique information about the individual, the CES can enhance student assessment."

-- Rudolf Moos & Edison Trickett, Classroom Environment Scale Manual

If you are unable to find the translation you need, you can request permission to make a translation.

Available with CES License to Reproduce and Remote Online Survey License:
These translations are available free of charge with your purchase of the license. Each PDF file contains the English forms and the translated forms on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list on the product page. Need multiple translations? Contact us.

  • Bengali
  • Chinese (Mandarin - Simplified) - Form R only
  • Estonian
  • Finnish
  • French
  • Hebrew
  • Spanish

No translations with CES Transform™ Survey Hosting.

Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

Community Oriented Programs Environment Scale
Measures client and staff perceptions of the program environment. As one of the Social Climate Scales, the CPES has been widely used in clinical settings and program evaluation.
Family Environment Scale
Assesses the social climate of all types of families.
Group Environment Scale
Assesses the social climate of groups and teams. It has been used in clinical and organizational settings to facilitate group counseling and team building, and to compare members’ and leaders’ views of their group or team.
School Situation Survey
Assessment of students' perceptions of school-related sources and manifestations of stress.
Social Climate Scales: A User's Guide
This Guide to the Social Climate Scales introduces the ten Scales and gives an overview of their use.
University Residence Environment Scale
Assesses the social climate of university student living groups.
Work Environment Scale
Helps evaluate productivity, assess employee satisfaction, and clarify employee expectations to ensure a healthy work environment.