As one of the FIRO Awareness Scales, the Coping Operations Preference Enquiry (FCPE - formerly known as COPE) measures preferences for certain defensive or coping mechanisms. Scales include: Denial, Isolation, Projection, Regression, and Turning-Against-Self. There are separate forms for men and women.
Schutz (1977) used the FCPE to derive two major defense mechanisms which were correlated with administrator effectiveness: projection and denial. The findings are provocative. The trends indicate that projectors will perform badly in all district types while deniers will perform well in small districts. Projection is a hostile defense mechanism which elicits negativity. Denial, however, while leading to possible failures in recognition of problems, still enables the denier to maintain an image of inoffensive, unruffled competence.
Copyright © 1978 by Consulting Psychologists Press, Inc.