Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale

 

Authors: Nancy E. Betz & Karen M. Taylor

The Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale (CDSE) measures an individual's degree of belief that he/she can successfully complete tasks necessary to making significant career decisions. The CDSE consists of five subscales measuring the five Career Choice Competencies of John O. Crites' Theory of Career Maturity. The CDSE is available in both a 50-item form and a 25-item short form. It is strongly linked to positive educational and career decisional outcomes.

Copyright © 1993, 2012 by Nancy E. Betz & Karen M. Taylor

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  • $50.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the CDSE form. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $15.00
    Builds a report that interprets an individual's CDSE Original form scores. You invite others to take the survey and Transform™ generates their reports.
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    Interprets and reports on your CDSE Original form scores. You complete the survey and Transform™ generates your report. Transform will connect this report to the "Send To" email provided at checkout.
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  • $200.00
    The Group Report calculates and summarizes average CDSE Original form scores for a group of participants.
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  • $15.00
    Builds a report that interprets an individual's CDSE Short form scores. You invite others to take the survey and Transform™ generates their reports.
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  • $15.00
    Interprets and reports on your CDSE Short form scores. You complete the survey and Transform™ generates your report. Transform will connect this report to the "Send To" email provided at checkout.
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  • $200.00
    The Group Report calculates and summarizes average CDSE Short form scores for a group of participants.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 20. Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the CDSE Original form online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant. Customization services are available.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 20. Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the CDSE Short form online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant. Customization services are available.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to retype and reformat the CDSE for online administration via a non-Mind Garden system. Includes permission and scoring key. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to conduct a survey via paper and pencil. Includes permission to print/use the instrument and scoring key. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $60.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the CDSE form. This is a paper product. The manual will be printed, bound, and shipped to you (FedEx shipping costs apply).
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Features of the CDSE

Purpose: Measures confidence in ability to complete major career decision tasks

Length:

CDSE Original Form = 50 items

CDSE Short Form = 25 items

Average completion time:

CDSE Original Form = 15 minutes

CDSE Short Form = 10 minutes

Target population: Ages 16 and older

Administration: For individual or group administration

Uses of the CDSE

  • Indicates an individual's pattern of higher and/or lower confidence areas as they relate to career decision making competencies
  • Identifies students at high risk for academic or decisional difficulties and, hence, those students needing career or academic intervention
  • Suggests which areas of decision are most in need of intervention
  • Evaluation of the effectiveness of educational and career interventions (such as DISCOVER, or administration of interest or values inventories).

Scales

Self-Appraisal: The ability to accurately appraise one's own abilities, interests, and values as they related to educational and career decisions.

Occupational Information: The ability to locate sources of information about college majors and occupations, including the ability to identify and talk with people employed in the occupations of interest.

Goal Selection: The ability to match one's own characteristics to the demands and rewards of careers so as to identify one or more majors or careers to pursue.

Planning: Knowing how to implement an educational or career choice, including enrolling in educational programs, job search, resume writing and job interviewing.

Problem Solving: Being able to figure out alternative plans or coping strategies when plans do not go as intended.

If you are unable to find the translation you need, you can request permission to make a translation.

Available with CDSE License to Reproduce and Remote Online Survey License:
These translations are available free of charge with your purchase of the license. Each PDF file contains the English forms and the translated forms on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list on the product page. Need multiple translations? Contact us.

  • Chinese (Cantonese - Traditional) - Short Form only
  • Chinese (Mandarin - Simplified) - Short Form only
  • Greek - Short Form only
  • Hungarian - Short Form only
  • Indonesian - Short Form only
  • Khmer (Cambodia) - Short Form only
  • Slovak - Short Form only

No translations available with CDSE Transform™ Survey Hosting.

Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

Selected References

Betz, N. E. (1992). Counseling uses of career self-efficacy theory. Career Development Quarterly, 41, 22-26.

Betz, N.E., Hammond, M., & Multon, K . (2005). Reliability and validity of response continua for the Career Decision Self-efficacy Scale. Journal of Career Assessment, 13, 131-149.

Betz, N. E., Klein, K., & Taylor, K. (1996). Evaluation of a short form of the Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale. Journal of Career Assessment, 4, 47-57.

Betz, N. & Luzzo, D. (1996). Career assessment and the Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale. Journal of Career Assessment, 4, 313-328.

Crites, J. O. (1978). Career Maturity Inventory. Monterey, CA: CTB/McGraw Hill.

Crites, J. O. & Savickas, M. L. (1996). Revision of the Career Maturity Inventory. Journal of Career Assessment, 4, 131-138.

Niles, S. & Sowa, C. (1992). Mapping the nomological network of career self-efficacy. Career Development Quarterly, 41, 13-21.

Taylor, K. M. & Betz, N. E. (1983). Applications of self-efficacy theory to the understanding and treatment of career indecision. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 22, 63-81.

Taylor, K. M. & Popma, J. (1990). Construct validity of the career decision self-efficacy scale and the relationship of CDSE to vocational indecision. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 37, 17-31.

From the Manual

"Although the concept of self-efficacy expectations provided the primary theoretical basis for scale development, Crites' (1978) model of career maturity provided the original scale authors (Taylor & Betz, 1983) with a framework for deciding how to define and operationalize the skills required in career decision-making. More specifically, Crites (1978) in his model of career maturity hypothesized that "good" career decisions will be facilitated by competence with respect to five career choice processes and by mature versus immature attitudes regarding the career choice process. Because self-efficacy theory is defined in relationship to competence in specific behavioral domains, Crites' five career choice competencies were used to define the domain of interest, that of competent career decision-making. These five competencies and, subsequently, the subscales of the CDMSE, were:

1) accurate self-appraisal;
2) gathering occupational information;
3) goal selection;
4) making plans for the future; and
5) problem solving.

"Thus, the conceptualization and measurement of career decision self-efficacy involved the integration of two major theories, one originally stemming from clinical/social psychology and the other having its origins in counseling/vocational psychology.

-- Nancy E. Betz and Karen M. Taylor, Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale Manual

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