Moral Potency Questionnaire

 

Authors: Sean T. Hannah & Bruce J. Avolio

The Moral Potency Questionnaire (MPQ), is a measure of moral potency and has been validated across military and working adult samples. The MPQ is being used currently in a number of research and applied projects to predict ethical thoughts and behaviors, as well as studies assessing moral potency as an outcome of ethical and authentic leadership. MPQ self-ratings have been shown to predict various ethical attitudes and behaviors of individuals, and can be used to reflect upon yourself and your actions and help you in selecting goals and support to facilitate your growth as a moral actor. Moral Ownership, Moral Courage and Moral Efficacy can all be combined into a single higher-order construct.

Copyright © 2010 by Sean T. Hannah & Bruce J. Avolio

  • Buy It
  • Sample Items
  • Product Specs
  • Translations
  • Basis for the MPQ
  • Related Products
Showing 1 - 5 of 5 items
  • $8.00
    A $100 set up fee will be applied at checkout. Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the MPQ Multi-rater Form online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant. Customization services are available.
    In Stock
  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 20. Allows you to administer the MPQ Self Form as an online survey using Mind Garden's Transform™ System. Includes data collection: data file with participants' raw data and raw scale scores. Customization services are available.
    In Stock
  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer the MPQ as an online survey via a non-Mind Garden survey system. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of the MPQ (all forms), scoring keys, and permission to administer the MPQ for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
    In Stock
  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer the MPQ via a paper and pencil survey. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of the MPQ (all forms), scoring keys, and permission to reproduce/administer the MPQ for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
    In Stock
  • $0.00
    The authors are making the MPQ available to researchers who have submitted this form and meet specific requirements. A key requirement is that you will only use the MPQ for non-commercial unsupported research purposes and not for consulting, training or any similar function; you agree to not use the content for profit-seeking or other financial or commercial motivations.
    In Stock

Features of the MPQ

Purpose: Measure moral potency

Length: 12 items

Average completion time: 5-10 minutes

Target population: Adults

Administration: For individual or group administration

Uses of the MPQ

  • Moral potency research
  • Self-reflection

Scales

Moral Ownership: the extent to which members feel a sense of personal agency and psychological responsibility over the ethical nature of their own actions, those of others around them, their organization, or another collective.

Moral Efficacy: an individual's belief in his or her capabilities to organize and mobilize the motivation, cognitive resources, means, and courses of action needed to attain moral/ethical performance, within a given moral/ethical domain, while persisting in the face of moral adversity.

Moral Courage: a malleable character strength, that:

1. provides the requisite potency needed to commit to personal moral principles,
2. under conditions where the actor is aware of the objective danger involved in supporting those principles,
3. that enables the willing endurance of that danger,
4. in order to act ethically or resist pressure to act unethically as required to maintain those principles.

For Non-Commercial Unsupported Research, please complete the MPQ Research Permission.

Available with MPQ License to Reproduce and Remote Online Survey License:
These translations are available free of charge with your purchase of the license. Each PDF file contains the English form and the translated form on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list. Need multiple translations? Contact us. Can't find the translation you need? Request permission to make a translation.

  • Chinese (Mandarin - Simplified)
  • Croatian - Self Form only
  • Finnish
  • French - Self Form only
  • Italian - Self Form only
  • Spanish

Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

Basis for the MPQ

Moral judgment capacity generally accounts for only 20% of the variance in people's actual ethical behavior. This suggests that an individual's ethical (and unethical) behavior in organizations is driven not just by the judgments they make, but also by whether they have both the desire and inner fortitude (agency) to move forward and act on their judgments.

Most individuals make many ethical judgments during the work week, and in dynamic organizations they face many challenges, distracters, and risks that may deter their "stepping up" and acting on their ethical judgments. In many instances, individuals who could have addressed an unethical act, will say, "They knew what the right choice to make was, but they didn't have the motivation to make that choice." To counter the external forces that may inhibit individuals from taking action after they have made 'the right ethical choice', people need moral potency, defined as "the capacity to generate responsibility and motivation to take moral action in the face of adversity and persevere through challenges." These capacities are developed over time by experience, observing others whom one respects, or via planned learning and training interventions.

Prior research across a number of different contexts has identified three primary moral capacities that underpin moral potency:

The capacity to feel and show a sense of responsibility to take ethical action when faced with ethical issues. This comes from one's level of moral ownership, or "the extent to which members feel a sense of personal agency and psychological responsibility over the ethical nature of their own actions, those of others around them, their organization, or another collective."

One can make a sound moral judgment and feel ownership to act, but still not act because they lack confidence in their personal capabilities to develop solutions to ethical issues or to confront a peer or superior. To do so requires moral efficacy, which is defined as "an individual's belief in his or her capabilities to organize and mobilize the motivation, cognitive resources, means, and courses of action needed to attain moral/ ethical performance, within a given moral/ethical domain, while persisting in the face of moral adversity."

Finally, individuals also require the courage to face threats and overcome fears to act. Moral courage in the workplace is defined as "a malleable character strength, that

1. provides the requisite potency needed to commit to personal moral principles,
2. under conditions where the actor is aware of the objective danger involved in supporting those principles,
3. that enables the willing endurance of that danger,
4. in order to act ethically or resist pressure to act unethically as required to maintain those principles."

-- Hannah, Avolio, & May (2011); Hannah & Avolio, (2010).

Therefore, the three components that compose moral potency include Moral Ownership, Moral Efficacy, and Moral Courage.

Research has demonstrated that moral potency overall, and its individual components, has been positively related to ethical behaviors, pro-social behaviors, and intentions to report others' unethical actions; and has been negatively related to tolerance for the mistreatment of others.

We also know that one's moral potency can be enhanced by authentic and ethical leadership, as well as the ethical culture of one's organization, suggesting it is malleable or developable. Moral potency has also been shown to be degraded when followers are exposed to toxic or abusive leaders and toxic cultures.

Adjective Check List
Assesses personality traits with a full sphere of descriptive adjectives. The ACL provides a convenient, standardized method for recording and generating meaning for personal attributes of an individual. The ACL form can be used for self or observer ratings and Transform provides self or multi-rater assessment and reporting.
Authentic Leadership Questionnaire
Measures the components that comprise Authentic Leadership: self awareness, transparency, ethical/moral behavior, and balanced processing.
Bass Orientation Inventory
Measures the core elements of interpersonal behavior in organizations: self, interaction and task.
Leader Efficacy Questionnaire
Based on Leader Self and Means Efficacy Theory, the LEQ is unique because it captures both leaders' self-efficacy, as well as leaders' beliefs in the extent that those with whom they interact will support their leadership.
Multifactor Leadership Questionnaireâ„¢
The benchmark measure of transformational leadership.
Multifactor Leadership Questionnaireâ„¢ + Authentic Leadership Questionnaire
Combines the ALQ and MLQ surveys so you can conduct a single survey on Transform™ rather than two separate surveys. For purchase of reports or for PDF licenses, see each instrument separately.
Psychological Capital Questionnaire
Measuring the Resource of Psychological Capital - Hope, Efficacy, Resilience and Optimism
Psychological Ownership Questionnaire
Assessment of two theoretically derived, unique forms of psychological ownership: Preventative and Promotive.
Social Skills Inventory
A measure of verbal, non-verbal social competence and emotional intelligence.
Work Self-Efficacy Inventory
Measures a range of job behaviors and practices referring to beliefs in one's command of the social requirements necessary for success in the workplace.