Group Embedded Figures Test: A measure of cognitive style


Authors: Herman A. Witkin et al.

Finding common geometric shapes in a larger design, this simple assessment yields a wealth of information about field dependence-independence. The Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT) was developed for research into cognitive functioning, but it has become a recognized tool for exploring analytical ability, social behavior, body concept, preferred defense mechanism and problem solving style as well as other areas. The GEFT is a twenty-five item assessment which can be taken online or it may be purchased as a thirty-two page non-reusable booklet.

Copyright © 1971, 2003, 2013 by Phillip K. Oltman, Evelyn Raskin, & Herman A. Witkin

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Showing 1 - 7 of 7 items
  • $50.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and samples of the GEFT figures. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $15.00
    Builds a report that interprets an individual's GEFT scores. You invite participants to take the survey and Transform™ generates their reports.
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  • $20.00
    Interprets and reports on your GEFT Online scores. You complete the survey and Transform™ generates your report. Transform will connect this report to the "Send To" email provided at checkout. Note: This product is for a single use, with automated survey administration. For multiple uses, buy instead the Individual Report product in quantity needed.
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  • $200.00
    Builds a report that calculates and summarizes average GEFT scores for a group of participants.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 20. Allows you to administer the GEFT as an online survey using Mind Garden's Transform™ System. Includes data collection: data file with participants' raw data and raw scale scores. Optionally, Individual Reports and Group Reports can be generated from the collected data - requires the purchase of report licenses. Customization services are available.
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  • $62.50
    Allows you to conduct the GEFT via paper and pencil. Each pack includes 25 single-use booklets and includes scoring key. This is a paper product - FedEx shipping costs apply.
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  • $60.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and samples of the GEFT figures. This is a paper product. The manual will be printed, bound, and shipped to you (FedEx shipping costs apply).
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Features of the GEFT

Purpose: Assess cognitive style and analytical ability by measuring field-dependence and field-independence.

Length: 25 items

Completion time: 20 minutes (two timed sections)

Target population: Older children, adolescents, and adults

Administration: For individual or group administration

Uses of the GEFT

  • Personal development counseling
  • Career counseling
  • Organizational assessment


Field Independence/Dependence

Sample Item from GEFT Booklet:

If you are unable to find the translation you need, you can request permission to make a translation.

Available with GEFT Booklet:
These translations are of the instructions only (GEFT items are images) and are available free of charge with your purchase of the booklet pack. Each pack contains the English instructions and the translated instructions on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list on the product page. Need multiple translations? Contact us.

  • Dutch
  • German
  • Japanese
  • Mandarin
  • Polish
  • Portuguese (Brazil)
  • Turkish

No translations available with GEFT Transform™ Survey Hosting.

Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

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