An alternative to the traditional life events approach to measuring stressors
Richard S. Lazarus & Susan Folkman
A new way of looking at stress. The Hassles and Uplifts Scales (HSUP) measures respondents attitudes about daily situations defined as "hassles" and "uplifts." Instead of focusing on highly charged life events, the HSUP provides a comfortable way to evaluate positive and negative events that occur in each person's daily life. Clients are then empowered to develop strategies for dealing with hassles and enhancing the occurrence of uplifts in their daily lives. The Manual (Sampler Set) contains normative data on 448 adults and 432 college students. Data for the Combined Scale is reported for a sample of adults and elderly individuals aged 65 to 74.
- Three scales: Hassles scale has 117 items, Uplifts scale includes 135 items; and the Combined scale (Hassles and Uplifts) includes 53 items.
- The Uplifts scale suggests how positive aspects of daily life
- counteract the damaging effects of stress
- Requires approximately 10 minutes to complete each scale
- Ages 20 years and up
- You need a Manual if...
Digital download (PDF)
Includes non-reproducible instrument and scoring key, both marked “non-reproducible copy”
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Digital download (PDF)
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Contents of Manual
- Theoretical background and rationale for the Hassles and Uplifts Scales
- Procedures for administering and scoring the scales
- Normative data
- Empirical support for the scales
- Psychometric data on the scales
- By researchers, clinicians, and counselors as well as graduate students
- Investigate stress either as an independent or a dependent variable
- Both cross-sectional and prospective studies of the stress process
- Both normative or ipsative (intraindividual) analyses
- Useful as stimulus material in clinical or workshop settings focused on stress management
- Hassles Scale: useful in analyzing sources of stress and in developing effective coping strategies
- Uplifts Scale: useful in identifying positive aspects of daily living that may help counteract or mediate the damaging effects of stress
The HSUP consists of three separate scales.
1. The Daily Hassles Scale
A hundred and seventeen items used to measure the frequency and severity of a person's transactions with the environment that are considered by the person to be stressful events.
Did Not Occur
|Somewhat Severe||Moderately Severe||Extremely Severe|
Example: How much of a hassle was this for you?
|A.||Misplacing or losing things||0||1||2||3|
2. The Uplifts Scale
135 items used to measure the frequency of a person's transactions with the environment that are considered by the person to be positive experiences.
|None or Did Not Occur||Somewhat Severe||Moderately Severe||Extremely Severe|
Example: How much of an uplift was this for you?
|A.||Getting enough sleep||0||1||2||3|
|B.||Practicing your hobby||0||1||2||3|
3. The Combined Hassles and Uplifts Scale
Fifty-three items worded so that the respondent can indicate whether a given transaction is a hassle, an uplift, or both.
|None or not applicable||Somewhat||Quite a bit||A great deal|
Please circle one number on both sides
|How much of a hassle was this for you?||How much of an uplift was this for you?|
|0||1||2||3||A. Time spent with family||0||1||2||3|
|0||1||2||3||B. Enough money for emergencies||0||1||2||3|