The Older Persons Counseling Needs Survey (OPCNS) was developed for use with persons aged sixty and above to assess both the needs of older persons and their desires for counseling. The OPCNS is especially useful in evaluating older persons while avoiding or transcending cultural stereotypes which are frequently applied to older adults. It can be used for both group screening and individual exploration.
The items for the OPCNS were derived from a review of the literature in gerontology, psychology, and counseling relative to the older population. Areas of concern in the lives of older people were identified according to four main categories: personal concerns, social or interpersonal concerns, activity concerns, and environmental concerns.
There are 56 statements: 28 items about needs and 28 items about wants and desires. The norms are for the population of older persons who are single or widowed, members of ethnic minority races, those who live in the homes of relatives or friends, those who live in adult congregate living facilities or foster homes for adults, those who have low levels of education, and those with low incomes.
Copyright © 1993 by Jane E. Myers