The Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI) was the instrument used in forgiveness research for the groundbreaking forgiveness research center at the University of Wisconsin. The EFI is an objective measure of the degree to which a person forgives another person, group or entity that has hurt him or her deeply and unfairly. It has sixty items and three subscales of twenty items each that assess the domains of Affect, Behavior, and Cognition.
If you are planning a research project on forgiveness, the EFI is the ideal measurement tool.
Definition of Forgiveness: Interpersonal Forgiveness is a willingness to abandon one's right to resentment, negative judgment, and indifferent behavior toward one who unjustly injured us, while fostering the undeserved qualities of compassion, generosity and even love toward him or her.
Copyright © 2000, 2004 by International Forgiveness Institute
Features of the EFI
Purpose: Measure the degree to which a person forgives another person, group, or entity that has hurt him or her deeply and unfairly
Length: 71 items (20 Affect items, 20 Behavior items, 20 Cognition items, 5 incident description items, 5 Pseudo-Forgiveness items, 1 Emotional Hurt item).
Average completion time: 30-45 minutes
Target population: Adults
Adminstration: For individual or group administration
Uses of the EFI
From the Manual
"Forgiveness is a person-to-person response to unfairness, which leads the offended side to give up the right for resentment toward the offending person, eventually influencing the development of compassion, care, and even moral love toward the other.... forgiveness as a moral response involves the following major domains of human development: positive emotions (e.g., feelings of empathy), negative emotions (e.g., feelings of anger and resentment), positive behaviors (e.g., altruism) and negative behaviors (e.g., revenge-seeking) and, finally, positive (e.g., he/she is a good person) or negative (e.g., condonation) thoughts toward the offending person."
-- Robert D. Enright and Julio Rique, EFI Manual
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The forgiveness intervention study, published in the journal, Psychology and Health (2009, volume 24, no. 1, pp 11-27), shows a statistically significant improvement in cardiac functioning for male cardiac patients who received forgiveness therapy compared to control-group participants (who had a cardiac-health approach). This is the first study ever published showing a cause-and-effect relationship between learning to forgive and experiencing a statistically significant improvement in a vital organ of the body.
"Enright's is the current gold standard against which all other research models and clinical models must be measured."
-- Everett L. Worthington, Jr., Forgiveness and Reconciliation: Theory and Application (2006) p 22.