Team Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire


Authors: Bernard M. Bass & Bruce J. Avolio

The Team Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (TMLQ) assesses the leadership style of a team. It represents an extension of the definition of transforming leadership from the individual to the collective. A team's leadership style is measured using five scales. Three of these scales - inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individual consideration - measure an aspect of transformational leadership. The fourth and the fifth scales measure an aspect of management-by-exception leadership and passive-avoidant/laissez-faire leadership, respectively.

The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire™ (MLQ) measures the frequency of behaviors of the leaders so it is very close to the actual environment and has high validity. The TMLQ is one step away from measuring leadership behaviors since it is the group (team) of individuals that are being rated.

Copyright © 1996 by Bernard M. Bass & Bruce J. Avolio

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  • $50.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the TMLQ form. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $100.00
    Builds a report that calculates and summarizes average TMLQ scores for a team of participants.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 20. Allows you to administer the TMLQ as an online survey using Mind Garden's Transform™ System. Includes data collection: data file with participants' raw data and raw scale scores. Optionally, Team Reports can be generated from the collected data - requires the purchase of report licenses. Customization services are available.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer the TMLQ as an online survey via a non-Mind Garden survey system. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of the TMLQ, scoring key, and permission to administer the TMLQ for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
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  • $2.50
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer the TMLQ via a paper and pencil survey. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of the TMLQ, scoring key, and permission to reproduce/administer the TMLQ for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
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  • $60.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the TMLQ form. This is a paper product. The manual will be printed, bound, and shipped to you (FedEx shipping costs apply).
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Features of the TMLQ

Purpose: Assess the leadership style of a team

Length: 50 items

Average completion time: 15 minutes

Target population: Adults who work in a team

Administration: For individual or group administration

Uses of the TMLQ

  • Leadership assessment in teams
  • Team evaluation


Transformational Leadership:

Build Trust (Idealized Attributes)

Act with Integrity (Idealized Behaviors)

Encourage Others (Inspirational Motivation)

Encourage Innovative Thinking (Intellectual Stimulation)

Coach & Develop People (Individualized Consideration)

Transactional Leadership

Reward Achievement (Contingent Reward)

Monitor Deviations & Mistakes (Management-by-Exception: Active)


Fight Fires (Management-by-Exception: Passive)

Avoid Involvement (Laissez-Faire)

Outcomes of Leadership

Generate Extra Effort

Is Productive (Effectiveness)

Generate Satisfaction

If you are unable to find the translation you need, you can request permission to make a translation.

Available with TMLQ License to Reproduce and Remote Online Survey License:
These translations are available free of charge with your purchase of the license. Each PDF file contains the English forms and the translated forms on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list on the product page. Need multiple translations? Contact us.

  • Dutch
  • Indonesian

No translations available with TMLQ Transform™ Survey Hosting.

Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

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