Impact Message Inventory - Circumplex


Authors: Donald J. Kiesler & James A. Schmidt

The Impact Message Inventory - Circumplex (IMI-C) helps clarify interpersonal transactions in any dyad (e.g. friends, teacher-student, employer-employee, therapist-client, physician-patient). It offers an innovative method of assessing interpersonal behavior by measuring the attitudes and feelings that the person being studied arouses in the respondent, such as dominance, hostility, submissiveness, and friendliness. The IMI-C is suitable for use with older adolescents and adults.

The IMI-C is a self-report transactional inventory designed to measure a target person's interpersonal behavior. It was constructed on the assumption that the interpersonal or evoking behavior of one person (A) can be validly defined and measured by assessing the covert responses or "impact messages" of another person (B) who has interacted with or observed A.

The IMI-C is used to assess the interpersonal behavior of normal and maladjusted individuals by measuring the interpersonal consequences of their behavior as they interact with other persons. It serves to tap the automatic, relatively unconscious sets of emotional and other covert responses we have to others. Since the IMI-C is both a self-report and a transactional inventory, it is the first of its kind in psychological measurement.

Copyright © 2006 by Donald J. Kiesler

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    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer the IMI-C as an online survey via a non-Mind Garden survey system. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of the IMI-C, scoring key, and permission to administer the IMI-C for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
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    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to administer the IMI-C via a paper and pencil survey. The downloadable PDF file includes one copy of the IMI-C, scoring key, and permission to reproduce/administer the IMI-C for up to the quantity purchased. The PDF is non-refundable.
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Features of the IMI-C

Purpose: Measure the attitudes and feelings that the person being studied arouses in the respondent

Length: 56 items

Average completion time: 10-15 minutes

Target population: Ages 16 and older

Administration: For individual or group administration

Uses of the IMI-C

  • Studies of psychotherapist-patient dyads
  • Studies of maladjusted patient groups
  • Studies of therapist-supervisor dyads and “parallel process”
  • Interpersonal studies of personality and health psychology
  • Interpersonal studies of physician-patient dyads.

The IMI-C measures eight categories of interpersonal behavior arranged equidistantly around the circumference of the interpersonal circle. The eight scales are (in counterclockwise order around the circle beginning at the top center):









IMI-C Profile

If you are unable to find the translation you need, you can request permission to make a translation

Available with IMI-C License to Reproduce and Remote Online Survey License:
These translations are available free of charge with your purchase of the license. Each PDF file contains the English forms and the translated forms on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list on the product page. Need multiple translations? Contact us.

  • Danish (Brief Form Only)
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Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

Impact Message Inventory – Kreismodell (IMI)

Autor: Donald J. Kiesler

Das Impact Message Inventory - Kreismodell (IMI) hilft beim Klären zwischenmenschlicher Interaktion in jeder Art von Dyaden (z.B. Freunde, Lehrer-Student, Arbeitgeber-Arbeitnehmer, Therapeut-Klient, Arzt-Patient). Das Inventar bietet eine innovative Methode zum Messen interpersonalen Verhaltens, indem die Handlungstendenzen und Gefühle erfasst werden, welche die zu beurteilende Person bei der Person auslöst, die den Fragebogen ausfüllt: Dominanz, Feindseligkeit, Unterwürfigkeit, und Freundlichkeit. Das IMI ist geeignet für den Gebrauch mit älteren Adoleszenten und Erwachsenen.

Das IMI ist ein Selbst-Einschätzungs-Inventar, das dazu geschaffen ist, das interpersonale Verhalten einer Zielperson zu erfassen. Zugrunde liegt die Auffassung, dass das interpersonale Verhalten bzw. Sender-Verhalten einer Person A valide definiert und erfasst werden kann, indem die nicht sichtbaren Reaktionen oder „impact messages“ (etwa: eintreffenden Botschaften) bei einer anderen Person B erfasst werden, die mit Person A interagiert oder sie beobachtet hat.

Das IMI wird benutzt, um das zwischenmenschliche Verhalten von normal oder schlecht adaptierten Menschen zu erfassen, indem die Konsequenzen ihres Verhaltens in der Interaktion mit anderen erfasst werden. Es sondiert dabei die automatisierten, relativ wenig bewussten emotionalen und anderen verdeckten Reaktionsmuster, die wir anderen gegenüber haben. Das IMI ist gleichzeitig ein Selbst- und eine Fremdbeurteilungsmessmittel, das erste Messmittel dieser Art.

Copyright 2006 by Donald J. Kiesler

Eigenschaften des IMI

Zweck: Messung der Handlungstendenzen und Emotionen, welche die zu beurteilende Person bei der ausfüllenden Person auslöst

Länge: 56 Fragen

Durchschnittliche Bearbeitungsdauer: 10-15 Minuten

Zielpopulation: 16 und älter (beurteilende und beurteilte Person)

Verwendung: individuell oder in Gruppen

Nutzung des IMI

  • Studien zu Psychotherapeut-Patienten-Dyaden
  • Studien zu fehlangepassten Patientengruppen
  • Studien zu Therapeut-Supervisor-Dyaden und „parallelen Prozessen“
  • Interpersonale Studien zur Persönlichkeits- und Gesundheitspsychologie
  • Interpersonale Studien zu Arzt-Patienten-Dyaden

Das IMI erfasst acht Kategorien von zwischenmenschlichem Verhalten, die gleichabständig um den interpersonalen Kreis herum angeordnet sind. Die acht Skalen sind, oben begonnen und im Gegenuhrzeigersinn:









IMI-C Profile

Herunterladen des deutschen IMI:

IMI Deutsch (pdf) Kostenlos

s. dazu:

Caspar, F., Berger, T., Fingerle, H., Werner, M. (2016). IMI-D. Die deutsche Version des Impact Message Inventory (IMI) Psychotherapie im Dialog 17(04): 9 (Kurzversion) Langversion: Psychotherapie im Dialog 17(04): e1–e11.

F. Caspar, F., Fingerle, H., Werner, M. (2016). IMI Impact Message Inventory. In: Geue, K., Strauß, B., & Brähler, E. (Hrsg.). Diagnostische Verfahren in der Psychotherapie (3. Aufl.), S. 280-283. Göttingen: Hogrefe.

Homepage with Information for the German Translation:

Das IMI kann ohne Weiteres nach dem Auswertungsschlüssel auf der MindGarden- Homepage ausgewertet werden. Von Fangmeier wurde zusätzlich ein kostenloses Auswertungsprogramm entwickelt, das auch eine grafische Darstellung produziert. Zugang ist über möglich.

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