Psychological Capital Questionnaire

 

Authors: Fred Luthans, Bruce J. Avolio, & James B. Avey

Psychological Capital (PsyCap) is a positive state-like capacity that has undergone extensive theory-building and research.

The PCQ, a measure of PsyCap with 24 items, has undergone extensive psychometric analyses and support from samples representing service, manufacturing, education, high-tech, military and cross cultural sectors. Each of the four components in PsyCap are measured by six items. The resulting score represents an individual's level of positive PsyCap.

Copyright © 2007 by Fred Luthans, Bruce J. Avolio, & James B. Avey

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    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the PCQ forms. PDFs are not refundable.
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    Builds a report that interprets and compares ratings of an individual to their self-rating. You invite participants to take the survey and Transform™ generates their reports.
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    The Group Report calculates and summarizes average PCQ Multi-rater scores for a group of participants and their raters.
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    Resource tool designed to aid trainers in developing a workshop for teaching about Psychological Capital and for how to use the PCQ to create positive behavioral change.
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    Builds a report that interprets an individual's PCQ Self scores. You invite others to take the survey and Transform™ generates their reports.
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    Interprets and reports on your PCQ Self scores. You complete the survey and Transform™ generates your report. Transform will connect this report to the "Send To" email provided at checkout.
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    The Group Report calculates and summarizes average PCQ scores for a group of participants.
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    A $75 set up fee will be applied at checkout. Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the PCQ Multi-rater Form online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant and rater. Customization services are available.
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    Minimum purchase of 50. Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the PCQ Self online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant. Customization services are available.
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    Minimum purchase of 50. Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the PCQ Rater Form online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant. Customization services are available.
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    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to retype and reformat the PCQ for online administration via a non-Mind Garden system. Includes permission and scoring key. PDFs are not refundable.
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    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to conduct a survey via paper and pencil. Includes permission to print/use the instrument and scoring key. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $0.00
    The authors are making the PCQ available to researchers who have submitted this form and meet specific requirements. A key requirement is that you will only use the PCQ for non-commercial unsupported research purposes and not for consulting, training or any similar function; you agree to not use the content for profit-seeking or other financial or commercial motivations.
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  • $60.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the PCQ forms. This is a paper product. The manual will be printed, bound, and shipped to you (FedEx shipping costs apply).
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Features of the PCQ

Purpose: Measure Psychological Capital (PsyCap)

Length: 24 items

Average completion time: 10-15 minutes

Target population: Working adults

Uses of the PCQ

  • PsyCap assessment and development
  • Organizational development
  • Personal development

Scales

Hope

Efficacy

Resilience

Optimism

What is PsyCap?

Psychological Capital is defined as:

"an individual's positive psychological state of development and is characterized by: having confidence (self efficacy) to take on and put in the necessary effort to succeed at challenging tasks; making a positive attribution (optimism) about succeeding now and in the future; persevering toward goals and, when necessary, redirecting paths to goals (hope) in order to succeed; and when beset by problems and adversity, sustaining and bouncing back and even beyond (resilience) to attain success."

--Luthans, Youssef & Avolio, Psychological Capital (Oxford University Press, 2007)

Thus, the PsyCap consists of efficacy, optimism, hope and resilience and when combined has been shown to represent a second-order, core factor that predicts performance and satisfaction better than each of the four factors that make it up (Luthans, Avolio, et al., 2007).

Published research on PsyCap has found that it is related to multiple performance outcomes in the workplace, lower employee absenteeism, less employee cynicism and intentions to quit, and higher job satisfaction, commitment, and organizational citizenship behaviors. Research has also found PsyCap can be enhanced by a supportive work climate. In terms of being state-like, PsyCap has been developed by short training sessions in both classroom and field settings and electronically through the internet.

For Non-Commercial Unsupported Research, please complete the PCQ Research Permission.

If you are unable to find the translation you need, you can request permission to make a translation.

Available with PCQ Transform™ Survey Hosting:
Regardless of which translation you select, participants can select and change any of these languages while taking the survey.

  • Finnish - Self Form and Multi-rater Form only
  • Italian - Self Form only

Available with PCQ License to Reproduce and Remote Online Survey License:
These translations are available free of charge with your purchase of the license. Each PDF file contains the English forms and the translated forms on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list on the product page. Need multiple translations? Contact us.

  • Arabic - Self Form only
  • Cambodian - Self Form only
  • Chinese - Self Form only
  • Finnish
  • French
  • French (Canada) - Self Form only
  • German - Self Form only
  • Greek
  • Hebrew - Self Form only
  • Hungarian - Self Form only
  • Indonesian - Self Form only
  • Korean - Self Form only
  • Lithuanian - Self Form only
  • Norwegian - Self Form only
  • Persian - Self Form only
  • Polish - Self Form only
  • Portuguese - Self Form only
  • Portuguese (Brazil) - Self Form only
  • Slovenian - Self Form only
  • Spanish
  • Thai - Self Form only
  • Turkish - Self Form only

Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

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