Authentic Leadership Questionnaire


Authors: Bruce J. Avolio, William L. Gardner, & Fred O. Walumbwa

The Authentic Leadership Questionnaire (ALQ) is designed to measure the components that comprise Authentic Leadership.

The ALQ scales address the following questions:

  • Self Awareness: To what degree is the leader aware of his or her strengths, limitations, how others see him or her and how the leader impacts others?
  • Transparency: To what degree does the leader reinforce a level of openness with others that provides them with an opportunity to be forthcoming with their ideas, challenges and opinions?
  • Ethical/Moral: To what degree does the leader set a high standard for moral and ethical conduct?
  • Balanced Processing: To what degree does the leader solicit sufficient opinions and viewpoints prior to making important decisions?

Copyright © 2007 by Bruce J. Avolio, William L. Gardner, & Fred O. Walumbwa

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  • $75.00
    Builds a report that interprets and compares ratings of an individual to their self-rating. You invite participants to take the survey and Transform™ generates their reports.
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  • $25.00
    Builds a report that interprets an individual's ALQ scores. You invite others to take the survey and Transform™ generates their reports.
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    Interprets and reports on your ALQ scores. You complete the survey and Transform™ generates your report. Transform will connect this report to the "Send To" email provided at checkout.
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  • $250.00
    The Group Report calculates and summarizes average ALQ Multi-rater scores for a group of participants and their raters.
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  • $250.00
    The Group Report calculates and summarizes average ALQ Self scores for a group of participants.
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    The Group Report calculates and summarizes average ALQ Rater scores for a group of participants.
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  • $3.00
    A $75 set up fee will be applied at checkout. Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the ALQ Multi-rater Form online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant and rater. Customization services are available.
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  • $2.40
    Minimum purchase of 50. Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the ALQ Self online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant. Customization services are available.
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  • $2.40
    Minimum purchase of 50. Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the ALQ Rater Form online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant. Customization services are available.
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  • $2.00
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to retype and reformat the ALQ (Self and Rater Forms) for online administration via a non-Mind Garden system. Includes permission and scoring key. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $2.00
    Minimum purchase of 50. Allows you to conduct a survey via paper and pencil. Includes permission to print/use the instrument and scoring key. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $0.00
    The authors are making the ALQ available to researchers who have submitted this form and meet specific requirements. A key requirement is that you will only use the ALQ for non-commercial unsupported research purposes and not for consulting, training or any similar function; you agree to not use the content for profit-seeking or other financial or commercial motivations.
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  • $125.00
    Read more about Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire
    Builds a report that interprets and compares others' ratings of an individual to their self-rating on both the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) and the Authentic Leadership Questionnaire (ALQ). You invite participants to take the survey and Transform™ generates their reports.
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Features of the ALQ

Purpose: Measures authenticity in leadership

Length: 16 items

Average completion time: 10-15 minutes

Target population: Adults

Administration: For individual or group administration

Uses of the ALQ

  • Leadership assessment and development
  • Career/Worklife assessment


Self Awareness



Balanced Processing

For Non-Commercial Unsupported Research, please complete the ALQ Research Permission.

If you are unable to find the translation you need, you can request permission to make a translation.

Available with ALQ Transform™ Survey Hosting:
Regardless of which translation you select, participants can select and change any of these languages while taking the survey.

ALQ Multi-rater Form

  • Czech
  • Hungarian
  • Slovak

Available with ALQ License to Reproduce and Remote Online Survey License:
These translations are available free of charge with your purchase of the license. Each PDF file contains the English forms and the translated forms on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list on the product page. Need multiple translations? Contact us.

  • Arabic
  • Assamese - Rater Form only
  • Bahasamy - Rater Form only
  • Bulgarian - Rater Form only
  • Chinese (Mandarin - Simplified) - Rater Form only
  • Chinese (Cantonese - Traditional) - Rater Form only
  • Croatian - Rater Form only
  • Czech 
  • Danish - Rater Form only
  • Dutch - Rater Form only
  • English (UK) - Rater Form only
  • Estonian - Rater Form only
  • Farsi - Rater Form only
  • Finnish - Rater Form only
  • French - Rater Form only
  • French (Canada)
  • German
  • Greek
  • Hebrew - Rater Form only
  • Hungarian
  • Indonesian - Rater Form only
  • Italian - Rater Form only
  • Japanese - Rater Form only
  • Korean - Rater Form only
  • Latvian - Rater Form only
  • Lithuanian - Rater Form only
  • Malay - Rater Form only
  • Mongolian - Rater Form only
  • Norwegian
  • Polish - Rater Form only
  • Portuguese - Rater Form only
  • Portuguese (Brazil)
  • Romanian - Rater Form only
  • Russian - Rater Form only
  • Serbian - Rater Form only
  • Slovenian - Rater Form only
  • Spanish (Latin America) - Rater Form only
  • Spanish (Spain)
  • Swedish - Rater Form only
  • Tagalog - Rater Form only
  • Thai - Rater Form only
  • Turkish - Rater Form only
  • Urdu - Rater Form only
  • Vietnamese - Rater Form only

Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

Below we have provided a list of resources that we feel would be useful for researchers, students, and professionals who are interested in learning more about authentic leadership.


Bass, B. M., & Bass, R. (2008). The Bass handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial applications (4th ed.). New York, NY: Free Press.

Gardner, W.L., Avolio, B.J., & Walumbwa, F. (2006). Authentic Leadership Theory and Practice: Origins, effects and development. Amsterdam: Elsevier JAI Press.


Avolio, B.J. (2011). Pursing authentic leadership development, In N. Nohria, & R. Khurana (eds), The Handbook of Leadership Theory and Practice. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

Avolio, B.J., & Chan, A. (2008). The dawning of a new era for genuine leadership development. In Hodgkinson, G., & Ford, K. (eds.) International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 23.

Avolio, B.J., & Gardner, W.L. (2005). Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. Leadership Quarterly, 16, 315-338.

Avolio, B.J., Gardner, W.L., Walumbwa, F.O., Luthans, F., & May, D. (2004). Unlocking the mask: A look at the process by which authentic leaders’ impact follower attitudes and behaviors. Leadership Quarterly, 15, 801-823.

Avolio, B.J., Griffith, J., Walumbwa, F., & Wernsing, T. (2010). What is authentic leadership. development? Handbook of Positive Psychology and Work. UK: Oxford Press.

Avolio, B.J., Walumbwa, F.O. & Zimmerman, C. (2014). Authentic leadership theory, research and practice: Steps taken and steps that remain. In D. Day, Oxford Handbook of Leadership and Organizations, Oxford, 331 - 356. Oxford University Press.

Avolio, B.J., & Wernsing, T. S. (2008). Practicing authentic leadership. In Lopez, S. J. (Ed.). Positive psychology: Exploring the best in people. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Company, pp. 147-165.

Gardner, W.L., Avolio, B.J., Luthans, F., May, D.R., & Walumbwa, F.O. (2005). Can you see the real me? A self-based model of authentic leader and follower development. Leadership Quarterly, 16, 434-372.

Hannah, S.T., & Avolio, B.J. (2011). Leader character, ethos and virtue: Individual and collective considerations. The Leadership Quarterly, 22, 989-984.

Hannah, S. T., & Avolio, B. J. (2011). Moral potency: Building the capacity for character-based leadership. Consulting Psychology Journal, 62, 692-310.

Hannah, S.T., Avolio, B.J., & May, D.R. (2011). Building moral capacity: Toward a holistic development model. Academy of Management Review, 36, 663-685.

Hannah, S.T., Avolio, B.J, & Walumbwa, F.O. (2011). Authentic leadership and effects on follower moral courage, psychological capital, and performance. Business Ethics Quarterly, 21, 555-57.

Norman, S.M., Avolio, B.J., & Luthans, F. (2010) The impact of positivity and transparency on trust in leader and their perceived effectiveness. The Leadership Quarterly, 21, 350-364.

Rego, A., Sousa, F., Marques, C., Cunha, M. P. (2012). Authentic leadership promoting employees' psychological capital and creativity. Journal of Business Research, 65(3), 429-437.

Walumbwa, F. O., Avolio, B.J., Gardner, W.L., Wernsing, T.S., Peterson, S.J. (2008, February). Authentic leadership: Development and validation of a theory-based measure. Journal of Management, 34(1), 89-126.

Wang, H., Sui, Y., Luthans, F., Wang, D., & Wu, Y. (2014). Impact of authentic leadership on performance: Role of followers' positive psychological capital and relational processes. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 35(1), 5-21.

Woolley, L., Caza, A., & Levy, L. (2011). Authentic leadership and follower development: Psychological capital, positive work climate, and gender. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies. 18(4), 438 - 448.
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