Enright Forgiveness Inventory


Authors: Robert D. Enright

Consistent with the definition of interpersonal forgiveness, the Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI) is an objective measure of the degree to which a person forgives another person, group or entity that has hurt him or her deeply and unfairly. The EFI has sixty items and three subscales of twenty items each that assess the domains of Affect, Behavior and Cognition.

The Enright Forgiveness Inventory (EFI) was the instrument used in forgiveness research for the groundbreaking forgiveness research center at the University of Wisconsin. The EFI is an objective measure of the degree to which a person forgives another person, group or entity that has hurt him or her deeply and unfairly. It has sixty items and three subscales of twenty items each that assess the domains of affect, behavior, and cognition toward the offending other.

If you are planning a research project on forgiveness, the EFI is the ideal measurement tool.

Definition of Forgiveness: Interpersonal Forgiveness is a willingness to abandon one's right to resentment, negative judgment, and indifferent behavior toward one who unjustly injured us, while fostering the undeserved qualities of compassion, generosity and even love toward him or her.

Copyright © 2000, 2004 by International Forgiveness Institute

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  • $50.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the EFI form. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $15.00
    Builds the "Let it Go" Forgiveness Report. You invite others to take the survey and Transform™ generates their reports.
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  • $15.00
    Creates your "Let it Go" Forgiveness Report based on your responses. You complete the survey and Transform™ generates your report. Transform will connect this report to the "Send To" email provided at checkout.
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  • $20.00
    Builds a report that interprets your Multi-Incident scores. You take the survey and Transform™ generates your report. This special report records multiple incidents of being hurt and wronged to help you track your forgiveness process over time and across specific incidences.
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  • $2.40
    Let us do the work! Use this license to administer the EFI online via our Transform™ system. Includes data collection with raw scale scores by participant. Customization services are available.
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  • $2.00
    Allows you to retype and reformat the EFI for online administration via a non-Mind Garden system. Includes permission and scoring key. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $2.00
    Allows you to conduct a survey via paper and pencil. Includes permission to print/use the instrument and scoring key. PDFs are not refundable.
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  • $60.00
    Includes details on reliability, validity, scoring, etc. and a review-only copy of the EFI form. This is a paper product. The manual will be printed, bound, and shipped to you (FedEx shipping costs apply).
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Features of the EFI

Purpose: Measure the degree to which a person forgives another person, group, or entity that has hurt him or her deeply and unfairly

Length: 71 items

Average completion time: 30-45 minutes

Target population: Adults

Adminstration: For individual or group administration

Uses of the EFI

  • Self-understanding of the forgiveness process
  • Forgiveness research


Positive Affect

Negative Affect

Positive Behavior

Negative Behavior

Positive Cognition

Negative Cognition

From the Manual

"Forgiveness is a person-to-person response to unfairness, which leads the offended side to give up the right for resentment toward the offending person, eventually influencing the development of compassion, care, and even moral love toward the other.... forgiveness as a moral response involves the following major domains of human development: positive emotions (e.g., feelings of empathy), negative emotions (e.g., feelings of anger and resentment), positive behaviors (e.g., altruism) and negative behaviors (e.g., revenge-seeking) and, finally, positive (e.g., he/she is a good person) or negative (e.g., condonation) thoughts toward the offending person."

-- Robert D. Enright and Julio Rique, EFI Manual

If you are unable to find the translation you need, you can request permission to make a translation.

Available with EFI License to Reproduce and Remote Online Survey License:
These translations are available free of charge with your purchase of the license. Each PDF file contains the English forms and the translated forms on separate pages. To order, select your language from the Translation drop-down list on the product page. Need multiple translations? Contact us.

  • Dutch
  • Farsi
  • Filipino
  • German
  • Hungarian
  • Italian
  • Norwegian
  • Portuguese (Brazil)
  • Spanish
  • Taiwanese
  • Thai
  • Turkish

No translations available with EFI Transform™ Survey Hosting.

Note: We cannot assure translation quality — many are made by individual researchers and we are not necessarily familiar with the particular language or dialect. Some of the translations are partial and typically do not have validation data. Basically, we offer whatever is available to facilitate your work.

Selected References

International Forgiveness Institute

The forgiveness intervention study, published in the journal, Psychology and Health (2009, volume 24, no. 1, pp 11-27), shows a statistically significant improvement in cardiac functioning for male cardiac patients who received forgiveness therapy compared to control-group participants (who had a cardiac-health approach). This is the first study ever published showing a cause-and-effect relationship between learning to forgive and experiencing a statistically significant improvement in a vital organ of the body.


"Enright's is the current gold standard against which all other research models and clinical models must be measured."

-- Everett L. Worthington, Jr., Forgiveness and Reconciliation: Theory and Application (2006) p 22.

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